Strong Roots-Important long (Essay type) Questions & Answers for WB.H.S (Class-12). Common in previous H.S exam.
Question-1: What did Kalam’s father tell him about the relevance of prayers? Or.
“I asked my father about the relevance of prayer”.
Who is the speaker and who is the father?
What answer did the speaker get from his father?
Answer: Abdul Kalam wanted to know from his father about the relevance of prayer and about spirituality. His father replied that prayer makes possible a communion of the spirit between people. When a man prays, he transcends his body and become a part of the cosmos which knows no division of wealth, age, caste or creed. As far as spirituality is concerned, he told Kalam that every human being is a specific element within the whole of the manifest divine being. Kalam’ father told that a person should not be afraid of his difficulties, sufferings and problem. One should try to understand the relevance of his sufferings. Adversity always presents opportunity for introspection.
Question-2: “In fact, I would say mine was a very secure childhood, materially and emotionally.”
Who is “I”? Where was his childhood spent? How was his childhood secured, materially and emotionally?
Or: Why Does Dr. Kalam feel that he had a secure childhood?
Answer: Here “I” is A.P.J kalam. he spent his childhood in small town Rameswaran. A.P.J.kalam was born in a middle class family. he lived in his ancestral house which was a fairly large pucca house made of lime stone. His father’s life was devoid of all unessential comfort and luxuries. However, all necessities like food, medicine and clothing were provided to him. Kalam normally ate with his mother; sitting on the floor of the kitchen. His father would take him to a very mosque for evening prayer.Thus kalam’s childhood was secure, materially and emotionally.
Question-3: “…..despite these disadvantages, he possessed great innate wisdom and a true generosity of spirit.”
Who is referred to as ‘he’? What were his disadvantages? Describe his wisdom and generosity?
Answer: Jainulabdeen, father of the writer A P J Abdul Kalam is referred to as ‘he’.
Kalam’s father did not have much formal education and even not much wealth – are his disadvantages.
But he possessed a great innate wisdom and a true generosity of spirit. As a religious person, he prayed every evening in an old mosque and often helped men of different religions in order to save them from their sufferings. Even he discussed spiritual matters with his close friend, Pakshi Laxmana Sastry, high priest of Shiva temple. He could express complex spiritual concepts in simple Tamil language.
Question-4: Write a short character sketch of A.P.J Abdul Kalam’s father as perceived by the author?
Answer: A.P.J Kalam’s father was “austere.” He was not formally educated but had innate knowledge. He avoided worldly comforts but he never gave any hardships to his family. Kalam’s father was a symbol for hope for many. People came to him to “offer thanks after being cured.” He would pray for the people of “different religions.” His father had a friend, whose name was Pakshi Lakshmana He was a priest in the Rameshwaram temple. All this shows the secular nature of Kalam’s father. His father was also a great teacher who would,convey complex spiritual concepts in very simple, down-to- earth Tamil.” Being a devout Muslim his father had strong faith in the manifest Divine.
Question-5: Comment on the atmosphere of communal harmony that APJ Abdul Kalam grew up.
Answer: The autobiography “Strong root” by A.P.J Kalam presents a picture of communal harmony among different communities living in Rameswaran. The locality where Kalam lived was Muslim dominated but many Hindus lived there peacefully. People of different faith had much faith in the spiritual power of Kalam’s father. They used to give him bowl of water and he would dip his finger tips and say prayer. This water was considered medicine for invalids. Lakshmana Sastry, the highest priest of Rameswaran temple was a close friend of Kalam’s father. They used to discuss spiritual matters. this gives message of tolerance and harmony.
Question-6: What kind of life would Kalam’s father lead?
Answer: A.P.J Kalam’s father was a religious person. He was down to earth and simple person. He led an austere life.His life was devoid of unessential comfort and luxuries. He world start his day by offering prayer (Namaz) before dawn. Kalam’s father owned a small coconut grove four miles away from their home. Every day after Namaz, he would walk down to that coconut grove and returned home with dozen coconuts tied together thrown over his shoulder. Only after returning from coconut grove, he would have breakfast. This was his daily routine even when he was in his sixties.
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